A brief history of Central America - download pdf or read online

By Lynn V. Foster

ISBN-10: 081606671X

ISBN-13: 9780816066711

ISBN-10: 1438108230

ISBN-13: 9781438108230

A quick background of important the US, moment variation explores the background of the principal American isthmus from the pre-Columbian cultures to the modern international locations that make up the quarter at the present time: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panama. This moment version brings the background of the sector modern with new advancements, together with fresh elections, the ongoing fight with the aftermath of the civil wars, and the impression of the unfastened exchange contract signed with the USA in 2003/2004.

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At the time of the Spanish conquest, with a population surpassing 30 million, Mesoamerica was the most densely occupied region of the New World. Cultural differences also marked these American cities, whose modern descendants speak 80 distinct languages. The artistic diversity is just as remarkable: highland Mexican cities preferred geometric and powerfully expressive representations of gods in contrast to the delicate realism and human scale of most Mayan art. ) Long texts in hieroglyphic writing were the hallmark of Mayan civilization, but such texts were surprisingly rare in the monumental art of central Mexico.

Drawing by H. ) from the Popol Vuh Museum, University of Francisco Marroquín, Guatemala City. These realistically painted vases were so valued that they were buried with their owners. Recent chemical analyses (as well as decipherments of some of the glyph bands around the rim) indicate that the owners used them as drinking vessels, often as chocolate mugs. Sometimes the chocolate was fermented, sweetened with honey, or mixed with corn gruel. Given that cacao beans were used as Mesoamerican currency, drinking chocolate was the height of conspicuous consumption.

Fray Diego Durán, 16th century (Horacasitas and Heyden 1975, 313) T he world’s first bouncing balls were made from rubber tapped from the tropical Castilla elastica tree found in the Olmec region, and the Olmecs exported these balls and, probably, a religious ceremony that was performed with them in a specially constructed court. The ball game endured as a Mesoamerican ritual for thousands of years. In the creation myth of the 16th-century Aztecs, the sun god slew the forces of night in a ball court.

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A brief history of Central America by Lynn V. Foster

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