Read e-book online A New Perspective on Thermodynamics PDF

By Bernard H. Lavenda (auth.)

ISBN-10: 1441914293

ISBN-13: 9781441914293

ISBN-10: 1441914307

ISBN-13: 9781441914309

Dr. Bernard H. Lavenda has written a brand new point of view on Thermodynamics to mix an outdated examine thermodynamics with a brand new origin. The ebook provides a old point of view, which unravels the present presentation of thermodynamics present in general texts, and which emphasizes the basic function that Carnot performed within the improvement of thermodynamics.

A New point of view on Thermodynamics will:

  • Chronologically get to the bottom of the improvement of the rules of thermodynamics and the way they have been conceived by way of their discoverers
  • Bring the speculation of thermodynamics as much as the current time and point out components of extra improvement with the union of knowledge conception and the idea of ability and their inequalities. New components comprise nonextensive thermodynamics, the thermodynamics of coding concept, multifractals, and weird attractors.
  • Reintroduce very important, but approximately forgotten, teachings of N.L. Sardi Carnot
  • Highlight conceptual flaws in well timed themes resembling endoreversible engines, finite-time thermodynamics, geometrization of thermodynamics, and nonequilibrium paintings from equilibrium unfastened power differences.

Dr. Bernard H. Lavenda is Professor of actual Chemistry at Universita degli Studi di Camerino, Italy. he's recipient of the 2009 Telesio-Galeli Prize in Physics for his paintings on irreversible thermodynamics.

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Additional resources for A New Perspective on Thermodynamics

Example text

Finally, by appealing to Mariotte’s law, Clausius derives C D T . 1) (Clausius 1868). Even later, in Tait’s 1868 exposition in Sketch of Thermodynamics, the Carnot–Clapeyron equation, which is the result of the absolute temperature being the integrating denominator for the heat absorbed at the temperature at which it is absorbed, is derived instead by a geometrical construction. 3), has been employed. Truesdell [1980] implicates F 0 , equal to our d ln C =dT , to obtain the proportionality 26 2 Thermodynamics from Carnot to Clausius and Kelvin between the work done and the heat absorbed.

Although Carnot deduces this from caloric theory it stands even when the caloric theory falls. The caloric theory was at its best in the description of storage and transfer of heat as an inanimate object but failed to describe processes of frictional heating, as in the cannon-boring experiments of Rumford. The caloric theory predicted a definite “fall” of heat in order to do work. Kelvin, who followed in Carnot’s footsteps, tried to put the caloric theory to test by creating a hypothetical engine that would do work even though there was no “fall” in heat.

The original plate appearing in R´eflexions is shown in Fig. 1. In reference to the figure, Carnot enumerates the four steps in his cycle. Body A is the hot reservoir, and the initial volume of the body of air is abcd. When the system comes in contact with A the piston gradually rises to ef . The contact is such that the temperature remains constant throughout. A is then removed, and the piston continues to rise from ef to gh. The expansion produces a fall in temperature until it becomes equal to the body B.

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A New Perspective on Thermodynamics by Bernard H. Lavenda (auth.)


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